Causes of Periodontal Disease



Your oral health is important. To keep your mouth in good working order, the American Dental Association recommends that you brush your teeth at least twice a day. They also recommend flossing at least once a day. In addition to your daily care, the ADA recommends professional cleanings and exams twice a year. Skipping out on your oral care routine can increase your risk of developing periodontal disease, a serious oral health issue with significant consequences. At Bijan Family Dental Practice, we can help you to understand the causes of periodontal disease so you know better how to prevent it and what you can do if it forms.

Periodontal Disease


Periodontal, or gum, disease is a progressive oral health condition that can have serious consequences on the health of your mouth and your overall health as well. When it begins, however, it does not seem like a big deal. In fact, most people do not even know that it is there. Periodontal disease starts with a buildup of plaque and bacteria on your teeth. These substances irritate your gums, causing inflammation. Inflammation causes the gums to pull away from your teeth, forming pockets. Bacteria fall into these pockets. In addition to continuing to attack your gums, they also begin attacking your jawbone and periodontal ligaments. These structures weaken, causing your teeth to become loose and unstable. Bacteria can also enter into the bloodstream where they can travel throughout the body.

What Causes Periodontal Disease?


Periodontal disease can be caused by some different issues.
•  Poor oral hygiene. This is one of the leading causes of periodontal disease. Brushing, flossing, and regular dental visits are all essential for preventing the buildup of plaque and bacteria. Skipping out on any of your oral hygiene habits can quickly lead to an overabundance of these substances, which can then lead to periodontal disease.
•  Poor tooth alignment. Misaligned teeth create hiding places for plaque and bacteria. These areas are much more difficult to clean out effectively. Consistently missing these areas of your mouth can lead to an accumulation of plaque and bacteria, where they can cause periodontal disease.
•  Tobacco products. Cigarettes and other tobacco products contain several chemicals that can cause several significant issues, including periodontal disease. These products can slow your flow of blood and restrict oxygen in your blood, depriving your gums of essential nutrients.
•  Alcohol consumption. While the occasional drink may not have an impact, excessive drinking can lead to dry mouth. This is a condition in which there is not enough saliva in your mouth and is an ideal environment for bacterial growth.
•  Certain types of medications. Some medications have dry mouth as a side effect, which can increase your risk of developing periodontal disease.
•  Hormonal changes, including pregnancy and menopause. Fluctuations in your hormones can leave your body less able to fight off infections, leaving your gum tissue vulnerable to attack.
•  Nutritional deficiencies. Your body needs a wide array of different vitamins and minerals to remain healthy. Certain vitamins, particularly vitamins C and B12, are essential for maintaining healthy gums, allowing them to fight off bacteria.
•  A family history of periodontal disease. If members of your family have had periodontal disease, you are at an increased risk.

How Is Periodontal Disease Treated?


There are several different treatments for periodontal disease. The type of treatment recommended depends on the severity of the condition. Treatments include
•  Scaling and root planing.
•  Periodontal maintenance.
•  Pocket reduction surgery.
•  Gum and bone grafting.

Understanding how periodontal disease can develop can greatly help you to reduce your risk and protect the health of your mouth. For more information, call Bijan Family Dental Practice at (714) 421-4494 today.

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Bijan Modjtahedi, DDS | www.toothsleuth.com | (714) 421-4494
18109 Magnolia St, Fountain Valley, CA 92708
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