What Is Periodontal (Gum) Disease?
Your oral health is important. To keep your mouth healthy, it is recommended that you brush your teeth at least twice a day and floss at least once a day. In addition to these steps, it is also recommended that you have your teeth professionally cleaned and examined at least every six months. All of these steps are critical for the prevention of serious oral health conditions including periodontal, or gum, disease. If periodontal disease does occur, Bijan Family Dental Practice is here to help.
What Is Periodontal Disease?
Periodontal disease, often referred to as gum disease, is a serious oral health condition that can have detrimental effects. However, when it first starts, you might never even know that you have it. Periodontal disease begins when plaque and bacteria accumulate on your teeth, which irritates your gum tissue. Irritation leads to inflammation. Swollen gums begin to pull away from the surfaces of your teeth, leading to the formation of periodontal pockets. Bacteria fall into these pockets, where they continue attacking the gums and begin attacking the periodontal ligaments and jawbone. Over time, these structures weaken, and your teeth become unstable. Bacteria may even enter into the bloodstream, where it can travel throughout the body, causing health issues like heart disease and stroke.
What Causes Periodontal Disease?
There are several different issues that can lead to the development of periodontal disease:
Symptoms to Watch for
The symptoms of periodontal disease vary based on how advanced the condition is. Red, swollen gums that bleed when you brush and floss is the first indication that something is wrong. However, not all people with this early stage of periodontal disease notice these symptoms. Others think they are caused by aggressive brushing. As a result, the early stage goes untreated. As gum disease progresses, you begin to notice other symptoms as well:
Treatment Options for Periodontal Disease
Periodontal disease can be treated. The type of treatment you receive depends on the severity of the condition. Common treatments include:
Treating periodontal disease is essential for stopping the condition in its tracks and restoring your oral health. For more information, and to schedule your appointment, call Bijan Family Dental Practice at (714) 421-4494 today.